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Culture

Wedding party in Ankara / Photo Shutterstock
Wedding party in Ankara / Photo Shutterstock

Over the centuries successive civilizations have left their mark on Anatolia. Turkey’s impressive architecture, across the country, bears testimony to its rich past, and visitors can admire many artefacts in Turkey’s museums – and in many museums abroad. Modern Turkish music and literature enjoy worldwide acclaim, yet the international public is yet to discover the Turkish film industry.

Further Reading

The term 'classical' refers to two types of literature, scholarly and popular, that appeared before the Westernization process that reached its peak during the reforms of the Tanzimat (1839-1876). The first type, known as the diva...
The history of modern literature can be divided into two periods separated by a wide gap corresponding to the Kemalist era, which produced only a few important works. The first period covers the last decades of the 19th century, w...
Music in Turkey is varied, including an old double tradition of türkü (folk songs) and şarki (lit. 'Eastern', light songs, often for the court). Considered degenerate and of Byzantine or Arabic origin, these songs were banned b...
Turkey is rich in traditional handicrafts, particularly textiles and lace, jars, wood, copper, porcelain, ceramic and earthenware, glass, and stone. Several sites such as Beypazarı and Trabzon are famous for their work in silver ...
The fine arts in Turkey have been evolving for more than a century. This new style of representation, illustration, and expression, of Western inspiration, goes back to the end of the Ottoman Empire. It was given a real impetus by...
To understand the variety of architectural styles in Turkey, we can begin with the pre-Islamic heritage, of which Hagia Sophia (or Aya Sofya) (built in 532-537) and the current Kariye Museum (Church of the Holy Saviour in Chora, b...
In a country that has been the scene of many socio-economic and political changes in the past several decades, it is difficult to provide benchmarks for 'popular culture'. From the appearance of recording studios in the 1950s to t...
There are many public (currently being privatized) and private theatre groups that are sometimes politically engaged, especially in Istanbul. The Turkish 'sixth art' has among its historical actors of the Ottoman Empire, such as G...
The first Ottoman museum, created in 1807, was reserved to the sultan until it was opened to the public in 1839. Many cities have museums, but the most important are the Aya Sofya (or Hagia Sophia), the Istanbul Archaeological Mus...
The most important traditional sport, now somewhat outdated but still celebrated in festival competitions, is traditional wrestling (güreş). Modern sports, such as basketball and volleyball, are also popular, but they cannot com...

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