Attempted secession of the South
No real unification ever took place. Each government relocated some of its institutions and army units to the territory of the other. This crippled the economy, which had already been hit severely by the return of up to a million Yemeni expatriates, sent back from Saudi Arabia as a punishment for Yemen’s stand in the Gulf War of 1990-1991 (Iraq’s short-lived occupation of Kuwait and the American-led campaign to drive Iraqi forces out). Income dwindled, resources ran out, and crisis loomed. Fighting finally broke out in January 1994, when the former leader of the PDRY, Ali Salim al-Beidh, announced the secession of the south from the new union. The war that followed did not last long: southern army units were isolated from their power base or succumbed to northern rule without a fight. After seventy days of fighting Yemen was united again, only this time under an increasingly dominant northern hegemony.
We would like to ask you something …
Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa.
The website grew rapidly in breadth and depth and today forms a rich and valuable source of information on 21 countries, from Morocco to Oman and from Iran to Yemen, both in Arabic and English. We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast.
In order to guarantee the impartiality of information on the Chronicle, articles are published without by-lines. This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. All articles are fact-checked before publication to ensure that content is accurate, current and unbiased.