Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa
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The Middle East is a geographical region with great importance in history, since ancient times, as a strategic location. It is a natural land bridge connecting the continents of Asia, Africa, and Europe. It was the site of some of the world’s oldest civilizations. It witnessed the rise and fall of many kingdoms and empires, among them the Egyptians, the Hittites, the Babylonians, the Assyrians, and the Persians, which included their great contributions to human civilization. It was also the cradle of three great religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam).

In recent decades, the Middle East has become more important than ever, thanks to its vast reserves of oil, gas, and other natural resources.

For all this, the Middle East region remained a fortune for the great powers afterward. The twentieth century witnessed the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916 CE, which worked to divide the Ottoman Empire and divide it into British and French areas of control and influence.

Although the countries of the region gained complete independence in the second half of the twentieth century, whether through bilateral agreements to evacuate colonialists or bloody revolutions, the Middle East rich in wealth has always remained a focal point for pumping natural resources into the arteries of the global economy. Therefore, it remained the focus of attention and follow-up of the great powers and emerging economies, influencing it and being affected by it.

It is no secret that most of the region’s policies and strategic directions are planned and defined in the kitchens of the world’s major powers.

The Middle East witnessed many events during the second decade of the second millennium that cast their shadows on the international arena from its east to its west and tempted some forces to enter forcefully to extend their influence over the region.

In-depth coverage of the international affairs of the Middle East & North Africa. Covers the regional major affairs from an Arab perspective: