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The Republic of Iraq

Map Iraq
Official name: The Republic of Iraq (Jumhuriyat al-Iraq)

The territory of Iraq coincides largely with the drainage basins of the Dijla (Tigris) and Furat (Euphrates) rivers. Since antiquity this region has been called Mesopotamia, from the Greek for ‘Land between Two Rivers’. Over the centuries, many civilizations have controlled the region or exerted influence over it, among them the Sumerians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Persians, Arabs, and Turks.

The economic basis for early Mesopotamian civilizations was farming, which was made possible by irrigation, and later also commerce, which was favoured by Mesopotamia’s position as a crossroads of trade.

The Republic of Iraq is potentially a regional superpower, situated on the eastern flank of the Arab world. Potentially, as internal repression and military agression across the borders have brought Iraq on the verge of total collapse. The country is currently undergoing political and economic reconstruction, a long and difficult process.

Further Reading

Page with a chronological overview of the country file articles published on the Chronicle website.
An overview of Iraq's rich history, from the ancient Babylonian and Assyrian civilizations, to the 1958 coup and foundation of the Republic of Iraq, the rise of the Baath Party, Saddam Hussein's regime, the Iraq-Iran War and the U...
Basic facts and figures regarding the politics, geography, population, and economy of Iraq.
Analysis of the geography of Iraq: state borders, climate, biodiversity, land fertility, nature reserves and environmental issues.
Fanack provides an overview of Iraq's governance and administration, including a description of its various branches of government and millitary.
The concept of human rights has become a well-known and widely accepted term to use. An overview of human rights in Iraq.
Although past attempts to overcome economic limitations have been made with varying success, Iraq remains extremely sensitive to external developments. That the Iraqi economy is presently in such difficulties can be attributed pri...
Like so many post-colonial countries, Iraq is an artificial political entity. The population is varied in its composition, especially in the north, where, from time immemorial, the vast mountainous region has provided a relatively...
On Iraq's society, its media landscape and rich culture. Read more about the process of urbanization, and the meaning of blood relations, clans, and tribes.
Faces of Iraq have names, we hear about them but do not get the entire picture. Get to know these influential people in Fanack’s ‘Faces’ section.

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