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The Kingdom of Bahrain

Bahrain Country File - Map Bahrain

Official name: The Kingdom of Bahrain (Mamlakat al-Baḥrain)

Bahrain is an archipelago of about 36 islands and islets. Its main island – whose 134-metre-high Jabal al-Dukhan (Mountain of Smoke) is its highest point – is called Bahrain Island, or Awal. It lies about 24 kilometres from the Saudi coast, to which is it connected by a causeway. The western coast of Qatar lies about 29 kilometres from Bahrain Island.

The archipelago’s total area is about 720 square kilometres, but this increases continually through land reclamation. Bahrain Island comprises 85 percent of the total land area and measures about 48 kilometres in length and 16 kilometres in breadth, at its widest point. The only other islands with a sizable population or important economic activities are urban Muharraq, linked by two causeways to Bahrain Island, and Sitra, linked by a causeway to Bahrain Island.

Further Reading

Page with a chronological overview of the country file articles published on the Chronicle website.
Bahrain joined the Gulf Cooperation Council in May 1981, which also includes Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. At the end of 1981, the Islamic Front for the Liberation of Bahrain, led by Shi’a cler...
Facts and Figures of Bahrain
Fanack provides an overview of Bahrain's geography describing its state borders, local climate, and natural resources.
Bahrain’s political structure resembles that of the other Gulf Cooperation Council states in some key ways. Members of the ruling family control the sovereign ministries (Defence, Interior, Finance, and Foreign affairs), and oth...
The concept of human rights has become a well-known and widely accepted term to use. An overview of human rights in Bahrain.
An overview of Bahrain's economy, outlining its various economic sectors and activities.
An overview of Bahrain's population, including a description of its ethnicities and other demographics.
The traditional character, history and culture of Bahrain’s originally Bedouin society are often diregarded
Faces of Bahrain have names, we hear about them but do not get the entire picture. Get to know these influential people in Fanack’s ‘Faces’ section.

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