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The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Map Saudi Arabia
Map of Saudi Arabia

Official name: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, or KSA (al-Mamlaka al-Arabiya al-Saudiya)

Saudi Arabia was established in 1932 by King Abdulaziz Al Saud (1876-1953) – usually referred to as Ibn Saud – after thirty years of war to unify large parts of the Arabian Peninsula. It is an absolute monarchy.

Saudi Arabia is a vast, expansive country, spanning about 1,500 kilometres in length and another 1,500 kilometres in breadth, thus making up for 80 percent of the Arabian Peninsula. A substantial part of the southern region consists of desert tracts, where rain seldom falls and the climate can reach extreme temperatures during the day. As a result, human existence is barely feasible in most areas of the country; instead the reasonably sized population live predominantly along the Red Sea and Persian Gulf coast, and around other large oases elsewhere.

More so than its vast area, Saudi Arabia’s enormous reserves of oil and gas, which were discovered in 1938, have enabled it to play an increasingly important role in both regional and global politics.

Further Reading

Page with a chronological overview of the country file articles published on the Chronicle website.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has its roots in the early civilizations of the Arabian Peninsula, which played an important role in history as an ancient commercial center and a cradle of Islam.
Basic facts and figures regarding the politics, geography, population, and economy of Saudi Arabia.
Fanack provides an overview of Saudi Arabia's geography, including its state borders, local climate, and natural resources. Saudi Arabia's main environmental struggles are with desertification, depletion of underground water resou...
Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy, with a Basic Law, but no political parties, unions, or other types of political association. The country's basic system of governance – an alternative to a constitution – was established i...
The concept of human rights has become a well-known and widely accepted term to use. An overview of human rights in Saudi Arabia.
The economy of Saudi Arabia is centred on the country’s enormous petroleum resources and since the 1970s, the country has been the world’s largest crude-oil exporter.
Faces of Saudi Arabia have names, we hear about them but do not get the entire picture. Get to know these influential people in Fanack’s ‘Faces’ section.
In 2017, the population of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was about 32.55 million, compared to 31.47 million according to the demographic survey of 2016, with an average annual growth rate of 2.52 per cent, according to the General A...
Society in Saudi Arabia is generally traditional, collective, and conservative. Saudi Arabia has enforced a strict religious interpretation of Islam and strict gender segregation in government and education. A strict dress code is...

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