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Palestine

Map Palestine

Palestine is made up of East Jerusalm, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The West Bank covers an area of 5,655 square kilometres, while the Gaza Strip covers 365 square kilometres. The West Bank is more than fifteen times larger than the Gaza Strip. Together, they make up 22 percent (20.5 and 1.5 respectively) of the territory of the former British Mandate of Palestine. Today, in total, there are 4.4 million people living in both territories: 2.7 million in the West Bank and 1.7 million in Gaza (Palestinian Bureau of Statistics, 2013).

The Gaza Strip lies adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea in its entire length (42 kilometres). It is a narrow piece of land – hence the name ‘strip’. North and central Gaza measure five kilometres in width, the maximum width of the south is 12 kilometres. In the north and east, the Gaza Strip borders on Israel (the border length is 51 kilometres); in the south it borders on Egypt (border length:11 kilometres).

The West Bank is hemmed in by Israel (307 kilometres) in the north, west and south. The Jordan River and the Dead Sea, an interior lake, form the eastern boundary with Jordan (97 kilometres). The West Bank is landlocked.

Further Reading

Page with a chronological overview of the country file articles published on the Chronicle website.
Facts & Figures on Palestine
Palestinians have been waging a bitter struggle to establish their independent state and implement international legitimacy decisions. This struggle included battles, wars, popular uprisings and peace negotiations.
An overview of Palestine's geography, including climate, water, biodiversity, earthquakes and Jewish settlements.
Fanack provides an overview of Palestine's politics and governance, including the presidency, the executive branch, the legislative, the judicial and the local government.
The concept of human rights has become a well-known and widely accepted term to use. An overview of human rights in Palestine.
During the war in 1948 (the Nakba), the Gaza Strip and the West Bank were inundated with a huge influx of Palestinian refugees which the economy could not absorb.
According to the results of the 2016-2017 Palestinian Strategic Report, issued by the Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, based in the Lebanese capital Beirut, the number of Palestinians around the world was estimated a...
During the past two centuries, the Palestinian society has undergone radical social changes under the influence of the Ottoman Turks, and British and Jewish settlers.
Faces of Palestine have names, we hear about them but do not get the entire picture. Get to know these influential people in Fanack’s ‘Faces’ section.

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