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Map Republic of Yemen
Official name: The Republic of Yemen (al-Jumhuriya al-Yamaniya).

The Republic of Yemen lies in the south-west of the Arabian Peninsula. It was founded in 1990, when North and South Yemen merged. Throughout history, some of the region’s territories formed an administrative unity.

They were broken up in the first half of the 19th century, when Great Britain settled in the important port city of Aden (gaining the status of British Crown Colony between 1937 and 1963) and extended control over the entire southern part of Yemen (consisting of a number of protectorates).

The British ceded ‘South Yemen’ 128 years later. For its part, the northern part of Yemen was formally part of the Ottoman Empire until the end of World War I, after which it became an independent statehood.

Yemen’s native population is the largest of all the states on the Arabian Peninsula. At the same time, it is the poorest of all Arab states. Developments in Yemen accordingly bear greater weight on developments on the Arabian Peninsula.

Further Reading

Page with a chronological overview of the country file articles published on the Chronicle website.
For many long years, Yemen is struggling. Once called “The Happy” Yemen, the country is stuck in a prolonged struggle where Yemeni parties became a pawn to territorial and international interests.
Basic facts and figures regarding the politics, geography, population, and economy of Yemen.
An overview of Yemen's geography and climate, which includes a description of its natural resources and environment.
Fanack provides an overview of Yemen's governance and politics, with an overview of its different branches of government and governance challenges.
The concept of human rights has become a well-known and widely accepted term to use. An overview of human rights in Yemen.
Fanack provides an overview of Yemen's economy, including its various sectors and key economic activities.
Fanack provides an analysis of Yemen's population and demographics, with an overview of different ethnicities and identities.
Although it is urbanizing rapidly, Yemen is still a very rural country. Nearly three-quarters of the population leads a traditional life in mountain villages, some of them very remote.
Faces of Yemen have names, we hear about them but do not get the entire picture. Get to know these influential people in Fanack’s ‘Faces’ section.

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