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The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Jordan Country File
Official name: The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (al-Mamlaka al-Urdunniya al-Hashimiya).

The modern state of Jordan derives its name from the River Jordan (Nahr al-Urdunn). In Arabic, urdunn means ‘descender’, and the river is aptly named: from its sources in the Syrian Golan Heights and Lebanon, it flows south about 250 kilometres through Lake Hula and Lake Tiberias (the Sea of Galilee) to the Dead Sea, which lies far below sea level.

As an independent political entity, Jordan was the product of events that followed World Wars I and II. In the past, Jordan formed a marginal area of numerous states and empires. Only once, during the Nabataean period, was it the centre of a major political unit. In Biblical times Jordan was made up of the four small states of Gilead, Ammon, Moab, and Edom. It is from Ammon that Amman, the name of the capital of Jordan, is derived. Before the Greek conquest the area was dominated successively by Assyrians, Chaldeans, and Persians.

Jordan has been inhabited by humans since earliest prehistoric times, but the region never enjoyed the degree of wealth and civilization attained by its neighbours in Syria, Egypt, and Iraq, due largely to its lack of natural resources.

Further Reading

Page with a chronological overview of the country file articles published on the Chronicle website.
In 1922, the League of Nations recognized the British dominance on the East of Jordan. In 1946, the United Nations recognized Jordan as a Sovereign and independent Kingdom. After a brief period of its independence, Jordan became h...
A basic overview of the politics, geography, economics, and population of Jordan
An overview of Jordan's geography and climate which includes an overview of its natural resources and environment.
An overview of Jordan's governance and politics, with an overview of its different branches of government and political actors.
The concept of human rights has become a well-known and widely accepted term to use. An overview of human rights in Jordan.
Recently, Jordan has suffered from economic shocks due to the political upheaval in the Arab region. Domestic demands rose, requiring greater accountability and improvements in living conditions. As a result, Jordan has enacted ma...
the population of Jordan stood at 5,100,981, of whom 51 percent were males and 49 percent females. The growth rate was 2.5 percent, compared to 3.3 percent in 1994. According to the World Bank, the population was estimated at 6.2 ...
Jordan's society has changed substantially over the past decades. Communities have grown larger, especially in the urban areas and particularly in Amman, where most jobs are located.
Faces of Jordan have names, we hear about them but do not get the entire picture. Get to know these influential people in Fanack’s ‘Faces’ section.

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