Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa

Defence and Security

defence and security
A picture taken on July 26, 2018 shows Egyptian policemen stand guarding a street in the North Sinai provincial capital of El-Arish. With fruit and vegetables aplenty in the markets, public transport back on the roads and universities reopened, life is returning to El-Arish in North Sinai state where Egypt’s army is at war with jihadists. Khaled DESOUKI / AFP


Deterrence against military aggression, border protection and attacks by non-state actors, like extremists groups, are crucial in preserving national security and projecting national power.

However, in many countries of the Middle East and North Africa, violence is also used by the defence and security apparatuses to repress internal opposition, thus strengthening the regime’s power. Torture, imprisonment, executions and censorship are legitimised in the name of security.

In some cases, such as in Egypt and Iran, the military has gained so much power that it either directly controls the state or indirectly through political and economic control.

Fanack observes traditional security threats in the Middle East and North Africa. We document and explain how regional states and global powers use military forces and strategies both for defence purposes and to repress human rights.

Our mission is to offer a worthwhile contribution to the publication of balanced background up-to-date information on the topic from an Arab perspective.

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