Sudan is characterized by diversity. Many families, clans and tribes claim genealogies that can be traced back generations to Arab origins. Yet the complexity of ethnicities indicates genetic and cultural intermingling that goes back much further.
Islam is an integral part of Sudan’s social fabric and media landscape as well as a politically mobilizing and polarizing force. However, other socio-economic and cultural factors play various interlinked roles in shaping the country.
Rural communities are characterized by traditional tribal and ethnic social structures and subcultures. Modern large-scale agricultural projects, such as the Gezira irrigation scheme, attract labourers from all over the country, forming a sort of national melting pot, especially in and around the capital Khartoum.
Women had powerful positions going back to the Nubian kingdoms before Islam and Christianity. Currently, there are seven female members of the 48-member Federal Council of Ministers. The proportion of female teachers is 69 percent...
The majority of the population is Muslim. This is especially obvious in South Sudan, where 97% of the population adheres to Islam. Tolerant Sufism is the dominant form of Islam but it is far from homogenous.
Young people who struggle to access education also have difficulty finding work. Overall, 20% of Sudanese youth is unemployed; the percentage of unemployed young women is even higher. This has led to mounting frustration.
The funding system is based on user fees along with social solidarity programs. The social health insurance system was introduced in 1995, coinciding with the private sector expansion. However, the health insurance system is conce...
"Ignorance leads to fear, fear leads to hatred, and hatred leads to violence. This is the equation."
IBN RUSHD/AVERROES (1126 – 1198)
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