Chronicle of the Middle East and North Africa

The Iraq-Iran War (1980-1988)

Iraq-Iran war
War cemetery Behest-e Zahra in Tehran / Foto Fanack

In 1979, after the fall of the Shah and the formation of the Islamic Republic in Iran, a chance appeared to present itself for strengthening the position of Iraq in the region. Until then Iran, also a large producer of oil and itself heavily armed, had been one of the leading powers in the Gulf region, holding two-thirds of the world’s oil reserves.

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